Wednesday, September 7, 2011

Setting FGA at schema level

FGA (fine-grained auditing)  :  Fine-grain auditing (FGA) allows us to audit users accessing data of a certain criteria. As per standard auditing we can audit select, insert, update and delete operations. We use the package dbms_fga to add, remove, enable and disable FGA auditing policies, it is virtually impossible to bypass these policies, one nice feature is that we can attach handlers (like a trigger) to the policies which can execute procedures.

Setting FGA at schema level: Below is the code to set FGA at schema level in which all tables are audited.


  CURSOR Get_Tab IS 
    SELECT Table_Name
    FROM   dba_Tables
    WHERE  Owner='TEST';----->Schema name
  FOR t IN Get_Tab LOOP
    dbms_fga.Add_Policy(Object_scHema => 'TEST',Object_Name => t.Table_Name,
                        Policy_Name => 'chk_'                        ||t.Table_Name,
                       Statement_Types => 'insert,update,delete,select');

Now, do some activities in test schema:

SQL> conn test/test@mytest
SQL> select * from tab;

TNAME                          TABTYPE  CLUSTERID
------------------------------ ------- ----------
B                              TABLE
A                              TABLE

SQL> select * from a;


SQL> select * from b;;
select * from b;
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-00911: invalid character

SQL> select * from b;


6 rows selected.

SQL> update a set id=0;

4 rows updated.

SQL> delete from a ;

4 rows deleted.

SQL> insert into b values(22);

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

Executing FGA on 'test':

select   db_user ,scn, sql_text  from  dba_fga_audit_trail  where  db_user='TEST';


Above output is displaying all SQL_TEXT fired on schema test for all tables.




Very useful and helpful post .....

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